gehörte Fußball nicht zum Programm der Olympischen Spiele in Los Angeles, da es aufgrund der zunehmenden Professionalisierung im Fußball schwer. Messi, Neymar, Eto'o: Diese Fußball-Stars gewannen Olympia-Gold. Von Eurosport Bauer entschuldigt sich für Geste nach Olympia-Finale. Von Le Buzz. Einleitung. Fußball ist ein Ballspiel, das von zwei Mannschaften mit je zehn Feldspielern und einem Torwart bestritten und einem Schiedsrichtergespann aus . Es war das dritte Mal nach bzw. Die beiden Top-Teams qualifizierten sich für die Endrunde. Seit der Vergabe der An der Spitze steht Ungarn mit drei Siegen in den Jahren , und Den Startplatz konnte sich Fidschi durch einen Sieg gegen Vanuatu sichern. Bei Unentschieden nach der normalen Spielzeit gibt es Verlängerung. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Beim Frauenturnier qualifizierten sich auch die beiden besten Gruppendritten. Die ersten beiden Mannschaften Mexiko, Honduras qualifizierten sich direkt. Eine eigentliche Qualifikation mit Hin- und Rückspiel im eigenen Land wurde eingeführt, um die Zahl der gemeldeten Teilnehmer zu reduzieren. Sportarten bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Die ersten Spiele des Frauenturniers wurden am 3. Die ersten beiden Mannschaften Mexiko, Honduras qualifizierten sich direkt.
Because of this desire, they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March.
March decided to bury the stadium in the ground "Erdstadion", in German. In the s the first buildings of a school, the "Deutsches Sportforum" German Sport Forum , dedicated to the teaching of professors of physical education and the study of sport science were built northeast of the stadium site.
From to , Otto March's sons Werner and Walter were assigned to build an annex for these institutions, though the finalization was delayed until Originally, the German government decided merely to restore the earlier Olympiastadion Olympic Stadium of , with Werner March again retained to do this.
When the Nazis came to power in Germany , they decided to use the Olympic Games in for propaganda purposes. With these plans in mind, Adolf Hitler ordered the construction of a great sports complex in Grunewald named the "Reichssportfeld" with a totally new Olympiastadion.
Architect Werner March remained in charge of the project, assisted by his brother Walter. Construction took place from to When the Reichssportfeld was finished, it was 1.
It consisted of east to west: Werner March built the new Olympiastadion on the foundation of the original Deutsches Stadion, once again with the lower half of the structure recessed 12 meters below ground level.
The capacity of the Olympiastadion reached , spectators. It also possessed a special stand for Adolf Hitler and his political associates.
At its end, aligned with the symmetrically-designed layout of the buildings of the Olympischer Platz and toward the Maifeld, was the Marathon Gate with a big receptacle for the Olympic Flame.
The Maifeld Mayfield was created as a huge lawn , square metres, 28 acres for gymnastic demonstrations, specifically annual May Day celebrations by the government.
The total capacity was , people, with 60, in the large stands that extended at the west end. Also located there were the Langemarck-Halle below and the Bell Tower rising high.
The walls were built with sturdy stone from the area of the Lower Alps, and also feature equine sculptures work of Josef Wackerle.
This consisted of huge halls built under the stands of the Maifeld. Pillars were raised on which hung flags and shields commemorating all the forces that participated in a battle fought in Langemark West Flanders, Belgium on 10 November , during the First World War.
Since , the ground floor is home to a public exhibit providing historical information on the area of the former Reichssportfeld.
During the Olympics, the Maifeld was used for polo and equestrian dressage events. After the Second World War, the occupying forces of the British Army Berlin Infantry Brigade annually celebrated the Queen's Official Birthday on the Maifeld and used it for a variety of sporting activities including cricket.
Starting in , Maifeld became home to the Berlin Cricket Club. The Bell Tower crowned the western end of the Reichs Sportfield planted amid the tiers of the Maifeld stands.
From its peak could be observed the whole city of Berlin. During the games, it was used as observation post by administrators and police officials, doctors and the media.
In the tower was the Olympic Bell. On its surface were the Olympic Rings with an eagle , the year , the Brandenburg Gate , the date 1.
August and a motto between two swastikas: I call the youth of the world  and The Bell Tower was the only part of the Reichssportfeld that was destroyed in the war.
The Third Reich used the tower's structure to store archives such as films. The Soviet troops set its contents on fire, turning the tower into a makeshift chimney.
The structure emerged from the fire severely damaged and weakened. In , the British engineers demolished the tower; however, it was reconstructed accurately in The Olympic Bell which had survived the fire and remained in its place in the tower fell 77 metres and cracked and has been incapable of sounding since then.
In , the bell was rescued, only in order to be used as a practice target for shooting with anti-tank ammunition. The damaged old bell survives and serves as a memorial.
The recreation of the tower was carried out from to , once again by the architect Werner March, following the original blueprints. The present tower became an important tourist destination offering a panorama of Berlin, Spandau , the Havel Valley, Potsdam , Nauen and Hennigsdorf.
The most significant battle around the Olympiastadion was in April when the Soviet army fought to capture it. This was during the final battle of the Second World War in Europe, with the total invasion of Berlin as the Allies' target.
The Olympiastadion survived the war almost untouched; it only suffered the impact of machine gun shots. After the war, the former Reichssportfeld became the headquarters of the British military occupation forces.
The administration settled in the northeastern buildings designed by the March brothers in the s, which the Third Reich had used for official sport organisations such as the Reich Academy of Physical Training and extended by , adding the "Haus des deutschen Sports" House of German Sports and other buildings which belong since to the Olympiapark Berlin , a central sporting facility of the City of Berlin.
Soon, the British forces renovated war-damaged buildings but also converted interiors to their specific needs one gymnasium was converted into a dining hall, another into a garage.
From to , the Olympischer Platz had a giant antenna transmitting for all the portable radios in Berlin. From then until and their departure, British forces held an annual celebration of the Queen's Official Birthday in the Maifeld with thousands of spectators from Berlin present.
During the s, American military and high school football teams introduced hundreds of thousands of Berliners to American football at the stadium in exhibition games.
In the Maifeld, several competitions of football , rugby and polo were staged too. In the summers, the Waldbühne resumed its classical music concerts, and playing movies.
The theatre was also used as an improvised ring for boxing matches. In , Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany.
Some wanted to tear the stadium down and build a new one from scratch, while others favoured letting it slowly crumble "like the Colosseum in Rome".
Finally, it was decided to renovate the Olympiastadion. The consortium took charge of the operation of the facilities together with Hertha BSC and the Government of Berlin after the remodelling.
The re-inauguration celebrations of the new Olympic Stadium were carried out on 31 July , and 1 August It culminated at night with the opening ceremony.
On day two, friendly matches were played between different categories of the club Hertha BSC and visiting teams.
On 8 September , Brazil played Germany. In , the venue hosted the World Culture Festival organized by the Art of Living where 70, people meditated for peace.
In , the venue hosted the European Athletics Championships. With the intention of creating a more intimate atmosphere for football games, the playing field was lowered by 2.
The lower tier of seating in the stadium was demolished and rebuilt at a completely different angle of inclination.
The western portion on the Marathon Arch is open to reveal the Bell Tower to the spectators. The conservation factor of the Olympiastadion as a historical monument was also considered, especially with respect to the preservation of the natural stone blocks.
After criticisms, the colour of the athletics track around the game field was changed from red to blue, reflecting the colours of Hertha BSC.
The Olympiastadion was equipped with the latest technology in artificial illumination and sound equipment. It has VIP stands, a set of restaurants, and two underground garages for cars.
The new Olympic Stadium has the highest all-seated capacity in Germany. It has a permanent capacity of 74, seats. This is made by the addition of mobile grandstand over the Marathon Arch.
The extended capacity reached 76, seats in However, the Signal Iduna Park and the Allianz Arena have both seating and standing areas, and their all-seated capacities are lower than that of the Olympiastadion.
The total capacity of the Allianz Arena is also lower than the extended capacity of the Olympiastadion. In , the Bundesliga was formed, and Hertha BSC participated by direct invitation, leaving its old stadium the " Plumpe " to use the Olympiastadion.
On 24 August, it played the first local match against 1. FC Nürnberg , with the final score 1—1. Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item.
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